Spinoza response iv.

“By attribute I understand what the intellect perceives of a substance, as constituting its essence.”

Ethics by Spinoza

How does our


affect existence?

By conceiving,

do we help create

existence or form


Does the world become

solid once we see it?

Melinda Anne Caines


Spinoza response iii.

“D3: By substance I understand what is in itself and is conceived through itself, that is, that whose concept does not require the concept of another thing, from which it must be formed”

Ethics by Spinoza

God is apparent

without conception

of any other concept.

I believe if I was

raised outside

of society I would 

still see the complexity 

of the world around 

me and know 

that there is something 

Melinda Anne Caines

Spinoza response ii.

“D2: That thing is said to be finite in its own kind that can be limited by another of the same nature

For example, a body is called finite because we always conceive another that is greater. Thus a thought is limited by another thought.  But a body is not limited by a thought nor a thought by a body”

Ethics by Spinoza 

Why is it wrong 

to compare 

two things 

of a different 


if both things 

can be translated 

into mathematical 


How could 

a thought be 50

while a body is 75?

How would the rules

for the mathematical 


be determined?
Melinda Anne Caines

Spinoza response i.

“By cause of itself I understand that whose essence involves existence, or that whose nature cannot be conceived except as existing”

Ethics by Spinoza 

I look down

and think 

in some way 

I exist

even though I think

that I am inside

of an augmented 

How do I think

of my existence 

outside of augmented 


What am I?

Do I have a tail? Wings?

Am I divine?

All is inside Schrondinger’s box.

Until I see myself

in a stable way

I don’t know.

But all is always changing.

What is eternal;

what can I not see?
Melinda Anne Caines